Dosso Dossi (1489-1542), real name Giovanni di Niccolo de Luteri, was an Italian Renaissance painter from the School of Ferrara. His paintings are in a style mainly influenced by Venetian painting, in particular Giorgione and early Titian. From 1514 he was court artist to the Este Dukes of Ferrara and of Modena, whose small court valued its reputation as an artistic centre. Dosso Dossi often collaborated with his younger brother Battista Dossi, who had worked under Raphael. The painter is known less for his naturalism or attention to design, and more for cryptic symbolic conceits in works of art around mythological topics.