Candelabrum

Candelabrum is the Roman art sculpture from 2nd century AD. It is made of white marble with height 270cm. You can find it in Salone of the Borghese Gallery in Rome.

History

The restoration of this work by Antonio D’Este in different stages is recorded by Evasio Gozzani’s letters and payments.

In the “Quinta Nota degli Oggetti antichi provenienti dalla Villa Borghese”, the height of the candelabrum is given as thirteen spans

This candelabrum, composed of antique fragments and modern additions, was made in the 19th century as a pendant to the previous one, which, in the mid-19th century was located in the portico. The drum of the latter with fluting is imitated in the present candelabrum, in which it is situated between a frieze with scroll ornaments and the fascia with masks and lions.

Description

The authentic part is generated by the monolithic detail located above the modern fascia with a meander: from the bottom it comprises a circular cornice consisting of a fillet, a double cyma and another fillet; then there is the drum tapering upwards with deep fluting and a second cornice with a fillet, a cyma reversa and another fillet.

This is the lower part of the candelabrum, simulated by one of the modern drums of the other candelabrum, situated on the opposite side of the entrance door

Analysis

The only parts that are unquestionably antique comprise the fascia decorated with acanthus scrolls and foliage, and the shaft with strigillation located between two wreaths of leaves facing upwards. While there are no obvious parallels for the drum with scroll ornaments, the twisted shaft detailed with acanthus leaves is similar to those in two candelabra, datable to the 1st or 2nd centuries AD, in the Lever Collection at Port Sunlight, the shafts of which, decorated with ivy leaves, are placed between the whorls of foliage.

There is a chance that the antique sections of both candelabra belonged to the same original one, which was dismantled to get independent decorative elements

Borghese Gallery in Rome,

Author: Roman Art

roman art

Roman art refers to the visual arts made in Ancient Rome and in the territories of the Roman Empire. It includes architecture, painting, sculpture and mosaic work. Luxury objects in metal-work, gem engraving, ivory carvings, and glass are sometimes considered in modern terms to be minor forms of Roman art, but this would not necessarily have been the case for contemporaries. Sculpture was perhaps considered as the highest form of art by Romans, but figure painting was also very highly regarded.